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azithromycin

Azithromycin is an antibiotic drug, semi-synthetic macrolide. It is a broad spectrum antibiotic, that is mainly effective against Grampositive, Gram-negative, and atypical bacteria, for example, Hemophilus influenza, Staphylococcus aureus, those are  bacterial infections.[1]

The drug was discovered in 1980 in Zagreb Croatia by a team of university researchers.[2]

azithromycin uses

azithromycin side effects

azithromycin uses

The main uses of the drug in medicine is for respiratory infections, enteric infections and genitourinary infections. It can also be used for sexually transmitted infections. The drug has long term effect, and thus can be used for prolonged respiratory infections[3]. It can also be used to treat uncomplex skin infections, Urethritis, Trachoma, Genital ulcer and more. Azithromycin can improve lung function of CF patients.[4]

Another popular use for Azithromycin is for youth acne. Acne is prevalent in a large percent of youth and adult population all over the world, and the treatment of it is prolonged and at times complex. The use of Azithromycin for treating acne can be useful in hard cases, where there are no good alternatives. One study found a high efficacy of the drug in treating acne, and almost no side effects, the drug is safe and very effective.[5]

azithromycin side effects

Azithromycin has been proven in many clinical studies to be safe for use.[6] Yet there have been found side effects in long term use of the drug, such as decreased pulmonary function, nausea and diarrhea being the main and most prevalent side effects in long term use.[7]


[1] Fernandezā€Obregon, A. C. (2000). Azithromycin for the treatment of acne. International journal of dermatology39(1), 45-50.

[2] https://www.researchgate.net/publication/286136408_The_Story_of_Azithromycin

[3] McMullan, B. J., & Mostaghim, M. (2015). Prescribing azithromycin. Australian prescriber38(3), 87.

[4] Florescu, D. F., Murphy, P. J., & Kalil, A. C. (2009). Effects of prolonged use of azithromycin in patients with cystic fibrosis: a meta-analysis. Pulmonary pharmacology & therapeutics22(6), 467-472.

[5] Fernandezā€Obregon, A. C. (2000). Azithromycin for the treatment of acne. International journal of dermatology39(1), 45-50.

[6] Hopkins, S. (1991). Clinical toleration and safety of azithromycin. The American journal of medicine91(3), S40-S45.

[7] Florescu, D. F., Murphy, P. J., & Kalil, A. C. (2009). Effects of prolonged use of azithromycin in patients with cystic fibrosis: a meta-analysis. Pulmonary pharmacology & therapeutics22(6), 467-472.